fishing net material

Fishing Net Material

Fishing is a skill and it can also be a sports activity, hobby or even an occupation to anyone. As a beginner, before you embark on any fishing activity, you have to understand what a fishing net is all about and the best type to use. This article will expose you to various facts about fishing nets and how to use them to yield maximum results while fishing.

The primary purpose of a fishing net is for fishing. The nets are constructed with a relatively thin thread. Most modern nets are made from artificial polyamides such as nylon. Although there are other types such as silk or wool, these have become less common over the years.

Types of fishing net

There are different types of fishing net material fishermen can use for fishing. However, this depends on the type of fishing expedition they embark on, and the water. The following are the popular fishing nets available.

Gill Net

This net has a rectangular shape, a longer length with a cork or float line at the upper edge. It also has a lead along its lower edge.

When thrown inside the water, the net float vertically. Fishes do not see them, and even when they do, they seem undeterred. As they force their head through the mesh, their body plunges in fully into the net. And when they try to pull out, the gill net twine spins across their gill cover and traps them. Not just a fish, most marine turtles, and birds can be trapped by this net too if the mesh hooks their fins or wings.

You can also use stakes or anchors to fix gill nets to the sea bed. This can be done while towering the setter boat and cycling the target fish.

Tangle Net

The only difference between tangle nets and gill nets is that the nets of the former are more loosely set than the latter usually while on the sea bed. You should use tangle nets when your target is mostly spider crabs and tiny lobsters. The spines of this net are so tiny that these creatures find it difficult to detach themselves while they are hooked.

Trammel Net

This type of nets consists of two or three nets in one. One of the nets has a fine mesh made of braided twine that is laid against another of stronger thread and larger mesh. It consists of a bag that is formed as the fish attempts to find its way across the larger mesh.

Most fishers combine trammel nets with gill net to extend their fishing target or target species of fish to be entrapped. When done this way, the gill nets will occupy the upper part in the combined gear while the trammel nets will rest on the sea bed.

Trawl Net

This is a large fishing net that is rarely used unless the fishing situation demands it. They are so large that they require large vessels to tow them onto the sea. The bag can be opened to its maximum level when two boat tow the net and one for each wing. Trawls can be towed into the sea in mid water to catch sardines, and sprats — a fishing activity popular known as mid-water trawls.

Lift Net

Lift nets are flat at the bottom. They are attached to a lingering object that is operated manually at a regular time interval and swung to catch the fish. Generally, they have low catching power. Hence, they are best used for artisan fisheries and perfect for fun fishing as well. They are highly effective in shallow water where the fish have minimal chance of escaping the hook of the net. Lift nets can be operated comfortably from boats or hauled into the sea by hand. For sea fishing, consider using them close to river banks as they might lose effectiveness in deep water.

Read More: Best Fishing Net For Kayak

Dip Net

Dip net is a type of artisan fishing gear that is best for catching fish such as salmon or trout. It is thrown in shallow water such as lakes and small river where these fish are concentrated. And it’s not best for sea fishing.

Fyke Net

This net is set in a tidal zone on shallow water. It has the shape of a cone that decreases in size inside the trap and it’s staked to the sea bed. A wing attached to each side of the net guides the fish to the trap entrance.

Pound Net

This type of net has an elaborate structure and its staked to the sea bed. It consists of a smooth edge that guides the fish to the pound.


As you plan to learn fishing for beginners, you should take note of fishing techniques and understand the different types of fishing nets. We hope this guide has helped you to understand fishing nets better.

Related Resource:

How Fishing Nets Work

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